Monday, 8th march 2021 | Renewable energies
Marco Arezio - Consulente materie plastiche - Will Electric Cars Start the Automotive?

Elettric cars, which to choose: Full Eletric, Plug-in Hybrid, Full Hybrid or Mild Hybrid.

While the car industry has probably experienced the worst two-month period in its history, there is a lot of curiosity among operators, at the reopening, to see if the consumer will continue to prefer an electric vehicle over a traditional motorization.

The Aristotelian catharsis that we are experiencing as a result of the Corona virus and the consequent globalized lockdown, has probably allowed us to take stock of the great themes that plague our world and be able to participate, through our daily actions, in the creation of a more effective environmental sustainability.

The world of mobility,according to data released in mid-2019 by the independent international organization Transport&Environment,predicted for the two years 2020-2021, a definitive turning point in the electric car market.

Automakers had finally turned to the electric mobility channel by committing, not only to the design and conversion of factories, but also to the purchase or joint venture with companies specializing in the production of modern batteries, and also in the mining supply chain for the extraction of raw materials.

If we look at the substantial supply of electric models that arrived on the market between 2018 and 2020, we can see what importance car manufacturers are giving to the industry. In fact, if in 2018 there were about 60 models in production in Europe, the forecast for 2020 is to go to 176, in 2021 to 214 and in 2025 to 333.

But will consumer support for electric mobility be confirmed after lockdown?

It is assumed that the sector has taken an irreversible path, from which there is no intention and possibility to backtrack, also because consumers are increasingly concerned with reducing air pollution in their cities and using more environmentally friendly means of transport for medium-haul travel, those between 200 and 700 km.

The role of the machine, to be used on the average journeys,no longer enjoys the appeal it had before, not only because of the question of the ratio of pollutants emitted by cars per km. compared to the train, but also for a new liveability during the journey, in which the user, on the train, can rest or work as if it were in the office.

The electric car, within the 1-200 km range. it is likely to remain the least polluting mode of transport in relation to the freedom of individual movement.

But how to choose the new car among the market proposals: Full Eletric, Full Hybrid, Plug-in Hybrid or Mild Hybrid ? Let’s look at the differences between the various engines:

  • Full Eletric: is a car whose traction is done exclusively through an electric motor powered by a battery rechargeable via an external source, home, wallbox or via a road column. They do not emit CO2, need very limited maintenance and do not use fossil fuel under any circumstances.
  • Full Hybrid:these are vehicles that have a good trade-off between environmental impact, high mileage and fuel consumption. They are characterized by the installation of two engines, one electric and one thermal (diesel or gasoline), which coexist during the use of the car. When the machine is in gear, the batteries are recharged through the thermal engine and the decelerations of the vehicle. It is normally used in electric mode during low-rise journeys, such as city circuits or manually in other circumstances.
  • Hybrid Plug-ins:they are cars of similar design to Full Hybrids but that have the advantage of being able to be recharged using an external energy source through a cable.
  • Mild Hybrid: they are vehicles equipped with an electric motor of reduced power compared to the other three categories that we have seen, which only comes into operation in certain circumstances, such as ignition or low-speed gear. Although it falls into the category of hybrid engines and is a cheaper solution than other types of traction, it is the one that has less efficiency in terms of consumption and sustainability.
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